Sunday, October 01, 2006

Seven Distructive Sins

Narrated by Abu Huraira (ra): Allah’s messenger (saw) said, “Avoid the seven destructive sins.” It was said (by the hearers): what are they, the messenger of Allah (saw) said “they are;




1. To join partners in worship with Allah
2. Sihr (Magic: to practice sorcery)
3. Killing the life which Allah has forbidden without a just cause (according to Islamic law)
4. To eat up Riba (usury)
5. To eat up the property of an orphan
6. To show ones back to the enemy and fleeing from the battle field at the time of fighting (i.e. when the army advances)
7. And to accuse chaste women who never think of anything touching their chastity and are good believers”.

These are said to be 7 greatest of sins by many Ulamaa however Abbas (ra) said not to restrict the number of sins because the number is more along the lines of 70,000.


Prayer to prayer, Jumma prayer to Jumma prayer, Umrah to Umrah etc expiates minor sins. As far as major sins go, one has to make sincere repentance and fulfill all the criteria of sincere repentance. The messenger of Allah tells us; “Those who avoid major sins Allah will enter them into Jannah and forgive them their minor sins”.

The worst of all these sins is to join partners with Allah. Under this umbrella also comes homosexuality, showing of (Riyaa) e.g. beautifying recitations and prayers for others. Practicing magic takes one out of the fold of Islam. The punishment for practicing magic is death with a sword unless he makes sincere tawbah (repentance). A fortune teller automatically leaves the fold of Islam and becomes a kafir (non believer), fortune telling is forbidden harram. One who goes to a fortune teller purely for entertainment purposes will not have their prayers accepted for 40 days however prayers still have to be performed. The one who goes to a fortune teller and believes what’s being said refutes the message of Muhammad (saw) and has to take their shahaada again.

The only circumstances under which people are permitted is 1) if one does so to incur more damage to the enemy 2) flees to an Islamic land with Muslim troops and if the Muslims are less than half the enemy. Among the believers that are allowed to be killed is the adulterer, murderer and one who apostates. Among the unbelievers that are not allowed to be killed are one who has a treaty with a Muslim land, one who comes to a Muslim land for protection and one who is paying a type of tax in a Muslim country.

In terms of riba (usury) all the following are cursed; one who consumes it one who writes it down, one who receives it and one who witnesses it. They are consuming fire in their bellies and they will roast in the fire.

Explanation by Abu abdillah Yunus Ibn Mahmoud

8 Comments:

At 9:27 PM , Blogger SleepDepraved said...

Clarify something. There is fatwa from some ulama that there is a type of mortgage that will is halal but isn't it still usury? I was listening to hamza yusuf and he didn't seem to believe in that fatwa and said people should be careful as to actually following it. Any idea as to if its right or wrong?

 
At 3:15 PM , Blogger Ihsaan said...

Bismilaahi wassalaatu wassalaamu alaa rasuulilaah, salaamu aleykum sis...

I too have heard of such a fatwa but I can't confirm how reliable they are, I've heard a sheikh say that due to the fact that we life in the west it becomes impossible to avoid such transactions and one should 1) do it out of necessity 2)Not be extravagant when choosing the house (the lower the mortgage the better) 3)try and pay of the mortgage a.s.a.p.

I however do not agree, I see this issue as something which is clearly despised in both the quran and the ahadieth of our beloved prophet salalaahu aleyhi wassalam.

Unfortunately, the basis of many of the transactions (especially in banking and insurance), personal or business involve interest. It is becoming increasingly difficult for the majority of the Muslims to abstain from dealings involving interest. An individual should minimise his expenditure in these dealings and if possible abstain completely from these transactions. In any case, every individual should continue to seek Allah’s forgiveness

 
At 3:17 PM , Blogger Ihsaan said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

 
At 3:20 PM , Blogger Ihsaan said...

Some dalil from quran and sunnah

"Those who devour usury will not stand except as stands one whom the Satan by his touch has driven to madness. That is because they say, "trade is like usury", but Allah has permitted trade and has forbidden usury", Al Bagrah-275

"Allah will deprive usury of all blessing, and will give increase for deeds of charity, for he does not love any ungrateful sinner." Al Bagarah-276

"Oh you who believe! Fear Allah and give up what remains of your demand for usury if you are indeed believers." Al Bagrah-278
"Oh you who believe! Devour not usury doubled and multiplied; but fear Allah that you may prosper." Al Imran-130

"That they took usury though they were forbidden and they devoured peoples wealth wrongfully; we have prepared for those amongst them who reject faith a grievous chastisement." Al Nisaa-161

Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallm said: Usury has got seventy divisions. The easiest division of them is a man marrying his mother.

Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallm said: I came across some people in the night in which I was taken to the heavens. Their stomachs were like houses wherein there were serpents, which could be seen from the front of their stomachs. I asked: O Gabriel! Who are these people? He replied these are those who devoured usury.

Umar bin Al-Khattab radiyallahu anhu reported: the last of what was revealed was the verse of usury. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallm was taken and he had not explained it to us. So, give up usury and doubt.

After narrating all these verses from the Qur’an and relating all the Ahaadith it is apparent to us that interest could never be legal and halal. How could anybody even take the time out to think about a matter in which Allah has declared war on the user and his Beloved Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallm has cursed him? As sensible people we can understand that what our creator has chosen for us is for our own prosperity only.

And Allah knows best

 
At 1:15 PM , Blogger SleepDepraved said...

Jzk sis. Does trading in the stock market constitute usury?

 
At 6:56 AM , Blogger Ihsaan said...

salaamu aleykum sis, i hope you can forgive me for the late reply, Maash'allah Ramadhan has proven to be a busy time 4 me

Sis to be honest with you i haven't got a clue, sorry.

Jazaak allaahu khairn

 
At 5:16 AM , Blogger Haneefah said...

may Allah keep us away from committing the major sins and minor sins and allow us to increase in good deeds. Ameen.

Nice blog too ;).

 
At 1:27 PM , Blogger Ihsaan said...

Jazaak allaah khairn Haneefah & ameen to your du'aa sis.

 

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